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Amazing American Graffiti Movie

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American Graffiti is a 1973 coming of age comedy-drama film co-written/directed by George Lucas, and starring Richard Dreyfuss, Ron Howard, Paul Le Mat, Charles Martin Smith, Cindy Williams, Candy Clark, Mackenzie Phillips and Harrison Ford. Set in 1962 Modesto, California, American Graffiti is a study of the cruise and popular rock and roll Cultures Among the Post-World War II baby boom generation. The film is a nostalgic portrait of teenage life in the early 1960s toll in a series of vignettes, featuring the story of a group of teenagers and Their Adventures Within one night.

The genesis of American Graffiti was in Lucas's own teenage years in Modesto early 1960s. He was unsuccessful in pitching the concept to financiers and Distributors, but finally found favor at Universal Pictures after United Artists, 20th Century Fox, Columbia Pictures, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Paramount Pictures and uterus turned down. Filming was initially set to take place in San Rafael, California, but the production crew was denied permission to shoot beyond a second day. As a result, most Filming for American Graffiti was conducted in Petaluma.

American Graffiti was released to universal critical Acclaim and financial success, and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture. Produced on a $ 775,000 budget, the film has turned out to be one of the most profitable movies of all time. Since its initial release, American Graffiti has garnered an estimated return of well over $ 200 million in box office gross and home video sales, merchandising Including notes. In 1995, the United States Library of Congress deemed the film culturally significant and selected it for preservation in the National Film Registry.

* 1 Plot
* 2 Cast
* 3 Development
o 3.1 Inspiration
o 3.2 United Artists
o 3.3 Universal Pictures
* 4 Production
o 4.1 Casting
o 4.2 Filming
o 4.3 Cinematography
o 4.4 Editing
* 5 Soundtrack
* 6 Reception
o Release 6.1
o 6.2 Critical analysis
o 6.3 Themes
o 6.4 Awards
* 7 Legacy
* 8 References
* 9 External links

[Edit] Plot

High school graduates and longtime friends Curt Henderson, Steve Bolander, John Milner, and Terry "The Toad" Fields meet at the local Mel's Drive-In parking lots. Despite receiving a $ 2000 scholarship, Curt is undecided if he wants to leave the next morning with Steve to go to the Northeastern United States to begin college, while Milner plans on Staying in Modesto. Steve lets Toad borrow his 1958 Chevy Impala for the evening and while he will from be away at college. Steve's girlfiend Laurie, Who is Also Curt's younger sister, is unsure of Steve's Leaving, to the which he Suggests They see other people while he is away to "strengthen" Their relationship.

Curt, Steve and Laurie go to the local sock hop, while Toad and Milner begin cruising. En route to the hop, Curt sees a beautiful blonde girl in a white 1956 Ford Thunderbird. She mouths "I love you" before disappearing down the street. After Leaving the hop, Curt is desperate to find the mysterious blonde, but is coerced by a group of Greasers ("The Pharaohs") through an initiation rite That involves hooking a chain to a police car and successfully ripping out its back axle. Curt is toll rumors That Either The Blonde is a trophy wife or prostitute, the which he refuses to accept Immediately.

Steve and Laurie break up after a series of arguments, and inadvertently picks up Carol Milner, an annoying teenybopper. Toad, Who is normally socially inept with girls, meets a flirtatious and Somewhat Rebellious girl named Debbie. Meanwhile, Curt Learns That DJ Wolfman Jack broadcasts from just outside of Modesto, and inside the dark, Eerie radio station, Curt Encounters a Bearded man he assumes to be the manager. Curt hands the manager a message for The Blonde to call him or meet uterus. As he walks away, Curt Hears the voice of The Wolfman and realizes Had he been speaking with uterus.

The other story lines intertwine Until Toad and Steve end up on "Paradise Road" to watch a race against the arrogant Milner Bob Falfa, with Laurie as Falfa's passenger. Within seconds Falfa loses control of his car and plunges into a ditch. Steve and Milner run to the Wreck, and a dazed Bob and Laurie Stagger out of the car before it explodes. Distraught, Laurie grips tightly and tells Steve not to leave her uterus. He assures her That he has decided not to leave Modesto after all. The next morning, Curt is Awakened by the sound of a phone ringing in a telephone booth, the which turns out to be The Blonde. She tells she uterus uterus cruising Might see tonight, but Curt replies That Is not possible, Because he will from some of Leaving. At the Airfield, he says goodbye to his Parents, his sisters and friends. As the plane takes off, Curt gazes out of the window, seeing the white Ford Thunderbird, the which belongs to the mysterious Blonde.

Prior to the end credits, an on-screen epilogue reveals That John was killed by a drunk driver in December 1964, Terry was reported missing in action near An Loc in December 1965, Steve is an insurance agent in Modesto, California, and Curt is a writer living in Canada.
[Edit] Cast
John Milner (Paul Le Mat) is confronted by Officer Holstein (Jim Bohan)

* Richard Dreyfuss as Curt Henderson
* Ron Howard as Steve Bolander
* Paul Le Mat as John Milner
* Charles Martin Smith as Terry "The Toad" Fields
* Cindy Williams as Laurie Henderson
* Candy Clark as Debbie Dunham
* Mackenzie Phillips as Carol Morrison
* Harrison Ford as Bob Falfa
* Bo Hopkins as Joe Young
* Wolfman Jack as XERB Disc Jockey
* Kathleen Quinlan as Peg
* Manuel Padilla, Jr.. and Beau Gentry as Carlos and Ants
* Jim Bohan as Officer Holstein
* Jana Bellan as Budda
* Flash Cadillac & the Continental Kids as Herbie and the Loving
* Suzanne Somers as Blonde in T-Bird
* Deby Celiz as Wendy
* Lynne Marie Stewart as Bobbie Tucker

[Edit] Development
[Edit] Inspiration

During the production of THX 1138 (1971), producer Francis Ford Coppola George Lucas co-writer/director challenged to write a script That Would appeal to mainstream audiences. [1] Lucas embraced the idea, using early 1960s his teenage experiences cruising in Modesto , California. "Cruising was gone, and I felt compelled to document the whole experience and what my generation Used as a way of meeting girls," Lucas explained. [1] As he developed the story in his mind, Lucas included his fascination with Wolfman Jack. Lucas Had Considered doing a documentary about The Wolfman Pls he Attended the USC School of Cinematic Arts, but dropped the idea. [2]

Adding in the semi-autobiographical connotations, Lucas sets the story in 1962 Modesto. [1] The characters Curt Henderson, John Milner and Terry "The Toad" Fields Also Represent different from his younger life stages. Curt is modeled after Lucas's personality During USC, while Milner is based on Lucas's teenage drag racing and junior college years, and hot rod enthusiasts Had he known from the Custom Kulture in Modesto. Toad represents Lucas's nerd years as a freshman in high school, specifically his "bad luck" with dating. [3] Also The filmmaker was inspired by Federico Fellini's I Vitelloni (1953). [4]
[Edit] United Artists

After Warner Bros.. Abandoned Lucas's early version of Apocalypse Now (1979) (During the post-production of THX 1138), the filmmaker decided to continue development on Another Quiet Night in Modesto, the which he eventually changed to American Graffiti. [2] To co-write a Fifteen-page film treatment, Lucas hired Willard Huyck and Gloria Katz, WHO Also added a semi-autobiographical connotations to the storyline. [5] In attempting to use the treatment to attract financing, Lucas and producer Gary Kurtz began pitching to American Graffiti Various Hollywood studios and production companies, [1] They were the resource persons but unsuccessful. Financiers believed music licensing issues distract Would the film's budget. Alongside Easy Rider (1969), American Graffiti represents one of the first films to Avoid a traditional film score approach and successfully Rely on scenes specifically synchronized to an assortment of songs. [6]

THX 1138 was released in March 1971 [1] and Lucas was Offered opportunities to direct Lady Ice (1973), Tommy (1975) or Hair (1979). He turned down the offers, determined to pursue his own projects, despite his desperation to find another movie to direct. [7] [8] During this time, Lucas conceived the idea for an untitled space opera, Would the which later changed from the base for his Star Wars franchise. At the May 1971 Cannes Film Festival, THX was chosen for the Directors' Fortnight competition. There, Lucas met David Picker, then president of United Artists, the WHO was intrigued by American Graffiti and Lucas's as-yet-untitled space opera. Picker Lucas decided to give $ 10,000 to develop the Graffiti as a screenplay. [7]

Lucas intended to Spend another five weeks in Europe and hoped That Would Huyck and Katz have a screenplay by the time he returned, but They were the resource persons about to start on Their own movie, Messiah of Evil (1972), [5] so hired Richard Lucas Walter, a colleague from the USC School of Cinematic Arts. Walter was flattered, but instead tried to pitch a screenplay Called Barry Lucas and the persuasions, a story of East Coast teenagers in the late 1950s. Lucas held firm - his was a story about West Coast teenagers in the early 1960s. Walter was paid the $ 10,000, and he began to adapt the Lucas / Huyck / Katz treatment into a screenplay. [7]

Lucas was dismayed Pls he returned to America in June 1971 and read Walter's script, the which was written in the style and tone of an exploitation film. "It was overtly sexual and very fantasy-like, playing with kids chicken and Things That Did not really do," Lucas reasoned. "I wanted something That was more like the way I grew up." [9] Walter's script Also Had Steve and Laurie going to Nevada to get married without Their Parents' permission. [4] He redrafted the screenplay, but Lucas fired Walter over creative differences. [7]

After paying Walter, Lucas Had exhausted his fund development with United Artists. He began writing the script, completing his first draft in just three weeks. Drawing upon his large collection of vintage records, Lucas wrote every scene with a musical backdrop in mind. [7] The cost of licensing the 75 songs Lucas wanted was a contributing factor in United Artists' ultimate rejection of the script, the which the studio Also Felt was too experimental - "a musical montage with no characters." United Artists Also passed on Star Wars, the which Lucas shelved for the time being. [8]
[Edit] Universal Pictures

Lucas spent the rest of 1971 and early 1972 Trying to raise financing for the American Graffiti script. [8] During this time, 20th Century Fox, Columbia Pictures, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and Paramount Pictures all turned down the opportunity to co-finance and distribute the film. [10] Lucas, Huyck and Katz rewrote the second draft together, the which, in Addition to Modesto, was Also set in Mill Valley and Los Angeles. Also Lucas intended to end American Graffiti showing a title card detailing the fate of the characters, Including the death of Milner and the disappearance of Toad in Vietnam. Huyck and Katz found the ending depressing and were the resource persons incredulous That Lucas planned to include only the male characters. Lucas argued the girls mentioning That meant adding another title card, the which he felt Would prolong the ending. Because of this, Pauline Kael later accused Lucas of chauvinism. [10]

Lucas and producer Gary Kurtz shop the script to American International Pictures, the WHO expressed interest, but ultimately believed American Graffiti was not violent or sexual Enough for the studio's standards. [11] Lucas and Kurtz eventually found favor at Universal Pictures, the WHO allowed Lucas the total artistic control and the right of final cut privilege on the condition That he make American Graffiti on a strict, low-budget. [8] This forced Lucas to drop the opening scene, in the which the Blonde Angel, Curt's image of the perfect woman, drives through an empty drive-in cinema in her Ford Thunderbird, transparency, revealing her she does not exist. [12]

Universal initially projected a $ 600,000 budget, but added an additional $ 175,000 once producer Francis Ford Coppola signed on. Would this allow the studios to advertise American Graffiti as the "from The Man Who Gave you The Godfather (1972)." However, Lucas was forced to concede the final cut privilege. The proposition Also Gave Universal first look deals on Lucas's next two projects planned, Star Wars (1977) and Radioland murders (1994). [11] As he continued to work on the script, Lucas Difficulties encountered on the Steve and Laurie storyline. Lucas, Huyck and Katz worked together on the third draft, specifically on-the-scenes featuring Steve and Laurie. [13]

Production proceeded with virtually no input or interference from Universal. American Graffiti was a low-budget films, and executive Ned Tanen Had only modest expectations of its commercial success. However, Universal did object to the film's title, not knowing what "American Graffiti" meant; [13] Lucas was dismayed Pls Some executives assumed he was making an Italian movie about feet. [10] The studio therefore submitted a long list of over 60 Alternative titles, with Their favorite being Another Slow Night in Modesto [13] and Coppola's Rock Around the Block. [10] They Pushed hard to get Lucas to Adopt any of the titles, but he was displeased with all the alternatives and persuaded Tanen to keep American Graffiti. [13]
[Edit] Production
[Edit] Casting

The film's lengthy casting process was overseen by Fred Roos, WHO worked with producer Francis Ford Coppola on The Godfather. [5] Because American Graffiti's main cast was associated with younger actors, the casting call and Notices Went through numerous high school drama groups and community Theaters in the San Francisco Bay Area. [3] Among the actors was Mark Hamill, the future Luke Skywalker in Lucas' Star Wars trilogy. [12]

Over 100 actors auditioned for unknown Curt Henderson before Richard Dreyfuss was cast. George Lucas was Impressed with Dreyfuss' thoughtful analysis of the role, [3] and, as a result, Offered the actor or his choosing of Curt Terry "The Toad" Fields. [12] Roos, a former casting director on The Andy Griffith Show, suggested Ron Howard for Steve Bolander. Howard reluctantly accepted the part in attempting to Avoid his typecasting as a child actor. [3] Bob Balaban turned down The Toad out of fear of typecasting, the which a decision he later regretted. Charles Martin Smith was eventually cast in the role. [14]

Although Cindy Williams was cast as Laurie Henderson, the actress hoped Would she get the part of Debbie Dunham, the which ended up going to Candy Clark. [5] Mackenzie Phillips, WHO portrays Carol, was only 12 years old, and under California law, producer Gary Kurtz Had changed from her legal guardian for the duration of Filming. [12] As Bob Falfa, Roos cast Harrison Ford, WHO was then concentrating on a carpentry career. Ford Agreed to take the role on the condition That he Would not have to cut his hair. The character has a flattop haircut in the script, but a compromise was eventually reached whereby Ford wore a Stetson to cover his hair. Producer Francis Ford Coppola Lucas encouraged to cast Wolfman Jack as Himself in a cameo appearance. "George Lucas and I Went through Thousands of Wolfman Jack's phone calls taped That were the resource persons with the public," he reflected. "The telephone calls [Heard on the broadcasts] in the motion picture and soundtrack were the resource persons on the actual calls with real people." [13]
[Edit] Filming

Although American Graffiti is set in 1962 Modesto, California, Lucas believed Had the city changed too much in 10 years and initially chose San Rafael as the primary shooting location. [12] Filming began on June 26, 1972, however, Lucas soon Became frustrated at the time it was taking to fix the camera mounts to the cars. [15] A key member of the production Also Had been arrested for growing marijuana, [10] and, in Addition to already running behind the filming schedule, the San Rafael City Council Immediately Became Concerned about the disruption That Filming the caused for local businesses and therefore Had Withdrawn permission to shoot beyond a second day. [15]

Petaluma, a similarly small town approximately 20 miles north of San Rafael, Became more cooperative and American Graffiti Moved there without the loss of a single day of shooting. Lucas convinced the San Rafael City Council to allow two nights of Further Filming for general cruising shots, the which he Used to Evoke as much of the intended location as possible in the finished film. Shooting in Petaluma began on June 28 and proceeded at a quick pace. [15] Lucas Filmmaking mimicked the style of B movie producer Sam Katzman in attempting to save money and authenticated Filming low budget methods. [12]
The San Francisco Mel's Drive-In Restaurant Used in the movie Had been closed and was reopened specifically for Filming. It was demolished after American Graffiti was completed. [12]

In Addition to Petaluma, other locations included Van Ness Avenue in San Francisco, Sonoma, Richmond, Novato and the Buchanan Field Airport in Concord. [16] During Filming More problems ensued. Paul Le Mat was sent to the hospital after an allergic reaction to walnuts. Actors Le Mat, Harrison Ford and Bo Hopkins were the resource persons Often drunk Between takes and Had conducted Competitions climbing to the top of the local Holiday Inn sign. One actor set fire to Lucas' motel room. Another night, Le Mat threw Richard Dreyfuss into a swimming pool, gashing his forehead on the day before he was due to have his close-ups filmed. Also Dreyfuss complained over the wardrobe That Lucas Had chosen for the character. Ford was arrested one night while in a bar fight and kicked out of his motel room. In Addition, two camera operators were the resource persons killed Pls Nearly Filming the climactic race scene on Frates Road outside Petaluma. [17] Principal photography ended on August 4, 1972. [16]
[Edit] Cinematography

Lucas Considered covering duties as the sole cinematographer, but dropped the idea. [12] Instead, he elected to shoot American Graffiti using two cinematographers (as he Had done in THX 1138) and no formal director of photography. Two cameras were the resource persons simultaneously ins Used conversations Between scenes involving actors in different cars, the which resulted in significant production time savings. [15] After CinemaScope proved to be too expensive, [12] Lucas's American Graffiti decided That Should have a documentary-like feel, and shot the film using cameras Techniscope. He believed That Techniscope, an Inexpensive way of shooting in 35 mm film and utilizing only half of the film's frame, Would give a perfect widescreen format resembling 16 mm. Adding to the documentary feel was Lucas's openness for the cast to improvise scenes. He Also Used goofs for the final cut, Notably Charles Martin Smith's (Toad) arriving on his scooter to meet Steve outside Mel's Drive-In. [18] January D'Alquen and Ron Eveslage were the resource persons hired as the cinematographers, but Filming with Techniscope cameras Brought lighting problems. As a result, Lucas commissioned help from friend Haskell Wexler, the WHO was credited as the "visual consultant." [15]
[Edit] Editing

Lucas wanted to have wife Marcia editing American Graffiti, but Universal executive Ned Tanen insisted on Verna Fields, WHO Had just finished Steven Spielberg's The Sugarland Express (1974). [17] Fields worked on the first rough cut of the film before she left to resume work on What's Up, Doc? (1972). Following Fields's departure, Lucas struggled with editing the film's story structure. Had he written the script so That the four (Curt, Steve, John and Toad) were the resource persons storylines always presented in the Same sequence. The first cut of American Graffiti was a three-and-a-half hours long, and, in removing an hour and a half, numerous scenes were the resource cut and many others were the resource persons shortened and combined. The film Became increasingly loose, with the result That the presentations of scenes no longer resembled Lucas's original "ABCD structure." [18] At 112 minutes, Lucas completed his final cut of American Graffiti in December 1972. [19] Walter Murch assisted Lucas in post-production for audio mixing and sound design purposes. [18] Murch suggested making Wolfman Jack's radio show the "backbone" of the film. "The Wolfman was an ethereal presence in the lives of young people," said producer Gary Kurtz, "and it was That We wanted quality and obtained in the picture." [17]
[Edit] Soundtrack
Main article: 41 Original Hits from the Soundtrack of American Graffiti

Lucas's choice of background music was crucial to the mood of EACH scene, but he was realistic about the complexities of copyright clearances and suggested a number of alternative tracks. Universal wanted Lucas and producer Gary Kurtz to hire an orchestra for sound-alikes. The studio eventually proposed a flat deal That Offered every music publisher of the Same amount of money. This was acceptable to most of the companies representing Lucas's first choices, but not to RCA - with the consequence That Elvis Presley is conspicuous by his absence from the soundtrack. [8] Clearing the music licensing rights Had cost approximately $ 90,000, [17] and as a result there was no money left for a traditional film score. "I used the absence of music, and sound effects, to create the drama," Lucas explained later. [19]
[Edit] Reception
[Edit] Release

Despite unanimous positive praise at a January 1973 test screening, the which was Attended by Universal executive Ned Tanen, the studio threatened to re-edit American Graffiti from George Lucas's original cut. [19] Lucas and producer Francis Ford Coppola began conflicting with Universal, to the which Coppola Offered to literally "buy the movie" from the studio, insisting he was Prepared to reimbursement of Universal's $ 775,000 budget. [16] 20th Century Fox and Paramount Pictures Also Gave similar offers to the studio. [2] The conflicts Between Lucas and Universal only led to the studio threatening to have William Hornbeck completely re-edited American Graffiti [20].

When Coppola's The Godfather (1972) won the Academy Award for Best Picture in March 1973, Universal decided to cut only three scenes (about four minutes) from Lucas's cut. This included Toad's encounter with a fast-talking car salesman, an argument Between Steve and his former teacher Mr. Kroot at the sock hop, and Bob Falfa's effort to serenade Laurie with "Some Enchanted Evening". However, Universal American Graffiti believed That, in its edited form, was only fit for release as a television movie. [16]

Positive word of mouth Came from Various employees at Universal [16] and the studio dropped the TV movie idea and began SECURING Theaters in Los Angeles and New York for a limited release. [6] However, Universal Presidents Sidney Sheinberg and Lew Wasserman found out about the critical praise in LA and New York, and the marketing department rejuvenated Their promotion strategy for American Graffiti, [6] by investing an additional $ 500,000 in marketing and promotion. [2] The film was released in the United States on August 1, 1973 to sleeper hits reception. [21] American Graffiti, the which cost $ 1.27 million to Produce / market, yielded a worldwide box office gross That topped the $ 55 million. [22] Outside of America, however, the movie Had only modest success, but acquired cult Movies recognition in France. [20]

Universal reissued Graffiti in 1978 and earned an additional $ 63 million, totalling $ 118 million for the two releases. [2] The Reissue included stereophonic sound, [22] and the additional four minutes of the studio That Had removed from Lucas's original cut. All home video releases Also included these scenes. [16] At the end of its Theatrical Run, American Graffiti Had one of the lowest cost-to-profit ratios of a motion picture ever. [2] Francis Ford Coppola Producer regretted not having Financed The film Himself. Lucas recalled, "He Would have made $ 30 million on the deal. He never got over it and he still kicks Himself." [20] It was the Thirteenth-highest grossing film of all time in 1977, [21] and, adjusted for inflation, is currently the forty-third highest. [23] By the 1990s, American Graffiti Had Earned More Than $ 200 million in box office gross and home video sales. [2] In December 1997 Variety reported That the movie Had earned an additional $ 55.13 million in rental revenue. [24]

Universal Studios Home Entertainment released the first movie on DVD in September 1998, [25] and once more as a double feature with More American Graffiti (1979) in January 2004. [26]

Aside from the four minutes of deleted Originally from Lucas' original cut retained, the only major change in the DVD version is the main title sequences, particularly the sky background to Mel's Drive-In, the which was redone by ILM.
[Edit] Critical analysis

American Graffiti Went on to receive universal Critical Acclaim. Based on 33 reviews collected by Rotten Tomatoes, 97% of the critics enjoyed the film with an average score of 8.3/10. The consensus reads: "One of the most influential of all teen films, American Graffiti is a funny, nostalgic, and bittersweet look at a group of recent high school Grads' last days of innocence." [27] Roger Ebert praised the film for being "not only a great movie but a brilliant work of historical fiction; no Sociological Treatise Could duplicate the movie's success in Remembering exactly how it was to be alive at That cultural instant." [28]

Jay Cocks of Time magazine wrote That American Graffiti "reveals a new and welcome depth of feeling. Few films have shown the eagerness Quite so well, The Sadness, the ambitions and small defeats of a generation of young Americans." [29] AD Felt Variety Murphy from American Graffiti was a vivid "recall of teenage Attitudes and Morals, toll with outstanding empathy and compassion through an exceptionally talented cast of unknown actors." [30] Dave Kehr, writing in the Chicago Reader, Called the film a brilliant That work of popular art redefined nostalgia as a marketable commodity, while Establishing a new narrative style. [31]
[Edit] Themes

The 1962 setting represents an end of an era in American society and pop culture. The musical backdrop Also links Between the early years of rock and roll in the mid-late 1950s (ie Bill Haley & His Comets, Elvis Presley and Buddy Holly) and the early 1960s British Invasion. The setting is Also before the outbreaks of the Vietnam War and the John F. Kennedy assassination. [5] American Graffiti evokes mankind's relationship with machines, elaborate Notably the number of hot rods and teenagers' Obsession with the radio. The inclusion of Wolfman Jack Also adds a mysterious and mythological analysis of teenage life in 1962. American Graffiti depicts multiple characters going through a coming of age, Such as the decisions to attend college or reside in a small town. [5]
[Edit] Awards

American Graffiti was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture, but lost to The Sting (1973). Further nominations at the 46th Academy Awards included Best Director (George Lucas), Best Original Screenplay (Lucas, Willard Huyck and Gloria Katz), Best Supporting Actress (Candy Clark) and Best Film Editing (Verna Fields and Marcia Lucas). [32] The film won Best Motion Picture (Musical or Comedy) at the 31st Golden Globe Awards, while Paul Le Mat won the Most Promising Newcomer. Lucas was nominated for Best Director, and Richard Dreyfuss was nominated for Best Actor in a Comedy or Musical. [33] More nominations included Cindy Williams by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts for Best Actress in a Supporting Role, [34] Lucas for The Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing, [35] and Lucas, Huyck and Katz by the Writers Guild of America for Best Original Comedy. [20]
[Edit] Legacy

Internet reviewer MaryAnn Johanson acknowledged American Graffiti That rekindled public interest and entertainment in the 1950s and '60s, and influenced other Such films as The Lords of Flatbush (1974) and Cooley High (1975) and the TV series Happy Days. [36] Alongside other films from the New Hollywood era, American Graffiti is Often Cited for Helping give birth to the summer blockbuster. [37] The film's box office success George Lucas made an instant millionaire. He Gave the amount of the film's profits to Haskell Wexler for his help visual consulting During Filming, and to Wolfman Jack for "inspiration". Lucas's net worth was now $ 4 million, and he set aside a $ 300,000 independent fund for his long-cherished project space opera, the which Would eventually changed from the base for Star Wars (1977). [16]

The financial success of Graffiti Also Gave Lucas opportunities to establish more elaborate development for Lucasfilm, Skywalker Sound, and Industrial Light & Magic. [22] Based on the success of the 1977 Reissue, Universal began production for the sequel More American Graffiti (1979) . [2] Lucas and writers Willard Huyck and Gloria Katz's later collaborated on Radioland murders (1994), Also released by Universal Pictures, for the which ACTED Lucas as executive producer. The film features characters intended to be Curt and Laurie Henderson's Parents, Roger and Penny Henderson. [22] In 1995 American Graffiti was deemed culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant by the United States Library of Congress and selected for preservation in the National Film Registry . [38] In 1997 the city of Modesto, Calif., Lucas honored with a statue at Dedication of American Graffiti George Lucas Plaza. [1]

In 1998 the American Film Institute (AFI) Ranked it as the seventy-seventh greatest film ever in the 100 Years ... 100 Movies list. When the 10th Anniversary Edition Came in June 2007, AFI Moved American Graffiti to the sixty-second greatest film. [39] Also the movie was listed as the forty-third Funniest. [40] Director David Fincher credited American Graffiti as a visual influence for Fight Club (1999). [41] Lucas's Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the clones (2002) features references to the movie. The yellow airspeeder That Anakin Skywalker and Obi-Wan Kenobi use to pursue the bounty hunter Zam Wesell is based on John Milner's yellow Deuce coupe, [42] while Dex's Diner is reminiscent of Mel's Drive-In. [43] Adam Savage and Jamie Hyneman of Mythbusters conducted the "rear axle" experiment on the January 11, 2004 episode. [44]

Given the popularity of the film's cars with customizers and hot rodders in the years since its release, Their fate Immediately after the film is ironic. All were the resource persons Offered for sale in San Francisco newspaper ads, only the '58 Impala (driven by Ron Howard) attracted a buyer, selling for only A Few Hundred dollars. The yellow Deuce and the white T-bird Went unsold, despite being price approach as low as U.S. $ 3,000. [45] The registration plate on Milner's yellow Deuce coupe is THX 138 on a yellow California license plate, Slightly altered, reflecting Lucas's Earlier science fiction film success.

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